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Explanation Of Goods And Services

Classification of Goods and Services

The United States and many countries throughout the world follow the International Classification of Goods and Services, and in particular the Nice Agreement Eleventh Edition. We will work with you to determine the correct listing of the goods and services for your mark. This is one of the key requirements of a trademark application because if it is listed too broadly the mark can be vulnerable to attack, and if it is too narrow it may not provide you with enough leverage to deal with potential infringers. Even though most countries subscribe to the Nice Agreement, in practice many countries have differing applications of the specific items. Most countries, including the United States, determine the government charges based upon the number of classes covered in an application and a resultant registration. Please note that Class Headings, and All Goods in Class, are not acceptable in the United States. Also, note that Class Headings do not include All Goods in the Class. Actual goods and services of interest must be listed with specificity using their ordinary commercial terms.

Currently, the United States charges a fee surcharge of $100.00/class if the goods/services are not included in the ID Master List. If a “non-standard” list of goods/services are required to properly describe the goods and services for the trademark, we will research to determine an acceptable listing.

The Class Headings Are as Follows


  • Class 1: Chemicals used in industry, science, and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture, and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry.

  • Class 2: Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers, and artists.

  • Class 3: Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring, and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.

  • Class 4: Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting, and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.

  • Class 5: Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.

  • Class 6: Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores.

  • Class 7: Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs.

  • Class 8: Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors.

  • Class 9: Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signaling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus.

  • Class 10: Surgical, medical, dental, and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes, and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials.

  • Class 11: Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply, and sanitary purposes.

  • Class 12: Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air, or water.

  • Class 13: Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.

  • Class 14: Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewelry, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.

  • Class 15: Musical instruments.

  • Class 16: Paper, cardboard, and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paintbrushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks.

  • Class 17: Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica, and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal.

  • Class 18: Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and traveling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness, and saddlery.

  • Class 19: Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.

  • Class 20: Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum, and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics.

  • Class 21: Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain, and earthenware not included in other classes.

  • Class 22: Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks, and bags (not included in other classes); padding and stuffing materials (except rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials.

  • Class 23: Yarns and threads, for textile use.

  • Class 24: Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.

  • Class 25: Clothing, footwear, headgear.

  • Class 26: Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.

  • Class 27: Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum, and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).

  • Class 28: Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.

  • Class 29: Meat, fish, poultry, and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried, and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats.

  • Class 30: Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice.

  • Class 31: Agricultural, horticultural, and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt.

  • Class 32: Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

  • Class 33: Alcoholic beverages (except beers).

  • Class 34: Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches.


  • Class 35: Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.

  • Class 36: Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.

  • Class 37: Building construction; repair; installation services.

  • Class 38: Telecommunications.

  • Class 39: Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.

  • Class 40: Treatment of materials.

  • Class 41: Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

  • Class 42: Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

  • Class 43: Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.

  • Class 44: Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture, and forestry services.

  • Class 45: Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.